pope sixtus iv nephew

In addition to conspiring, he was an intended beneficiary, once Lorenzo and Giuliano de' Medici had been killed. As Alexander VII I have none. However, it was Sixtus’ relationship with his nephew, Pietro Riario, that made heads turn. Cardinal Giuliano Della Rovere (1443-1513), nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, greatly influenced the election and the decisions of Pope Innocent VIII, the successor of his uncle. Pietro’s parentage became the subject of much debate: the son of the pope’s sister, many gossipmongers assumed that Sixtus had fathered the child himself. In 1473, Riario became betrothed to the 10-year-old Caterina Sforza. Sixtus IV. He took part in the 1478 Pazzi Conspiracy against the Medici, and was assassinated 10 years later by members of the Forlivese Orsi family. Upon his death in 1484, no one cared who he took into his bed. Despite writing to Lorenzo de' Medici, who no doubt approved of the result of the assassination, they received no written support by the Medici family. Uffiizi Gallery. He also had an illegitimate son named Scipio by another woman. He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). August 1471 bis zum 12. Like Julius III with Innocenzo, Sixtus made his lover Petro Riario – who was also his nephew – a cardinal. The Villa Lante is one of the most outstanding features of the 16th century. Although historians make much of Sixtus’ homosexuality, he was actually bisexual. Support, both military and popular, eventually sided with Riario's widow, and the Orsi brothers fled, taking what they could with them. Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in … Pope Sixtus IV died the following evening - 12 August. The envoy of the Medici family summed up Sixtus' reign in the announcement to his master 'Today at 5 o'clock His Holiness Sixtus IV departed this life-may God forgive him!' [4][5], After the death of Pope Sixtus IV, Riario, as commander of the papal forces, returned to Rome with his wife Caterina. In 1478 took place the famous conspiracy of the Pazzi, planned by the pope's nephew — Cardinal Rafael Riario — to overthrow the Medici and bring Florence under the Riarii. He appointed twenty-three cardinals, most of whom were young, attractive clergymen. Contents[show] Biography Early life Felice Peretti was born on December 13, 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Pier Gentile (also known as Peretto Peretti), and Marianna da Frontillo. 1545-1546. The capitulation of the 1464 papal conclave limited the Pope it elected (Pope Paul II) to appointing one cardinal-nephew, along with other conditions designed to increase the power of the College of Cardinals and reduce the Pope's ability to dilute that power. On April 26, 1478, during mass at Florence cathedral, the agents of Girolamo Riario, Sixtus IV’s nephew, wounded Lorenzo and killed his brother, Giuliano, in a plot to overthrow the Medici. As Pope Sixtus IV, Francesco established the della Rovere family by advancing family members both in the Church and in government. Despite the presence of the Count's guards, a total of nine assassins slashed Riario to death, eventually flinging his corpse into a local piazza, where a crowd gathered in support of the assassins. WikiMatrix WikiMatrix . One of his first acts was to declare a renewed crusade against the Ottoman Turks in Smyrna. During the Renaissance, popes appointed friends and family members to important posts in the Church to surround themselves with loyal followers. Upon being elected Pope, Della Rovere adopted the name Sixtus, which had not been used since the 5th century. He served as Captain General of the Church under his uncle Pope Sixtus IV. Portrait of Sixtus IV. Although Sixtus endorsed the plot, he did not approve of assassination. When Pietro died, he left the papacy in so much debt that Sixtus had to raise taxes and sell offices to the highest bidder. In 1471 he was also appointed Captain General of the Church.[1]. The attack was planned by Pope Sixtus IV’s nephew Girolamo Riario and his friends Francesco de’ Pazzi and Francesco Salviati. 719 Related Articles [filter] Sistine Chapel. Sixtus’ romping sex life didn’t affect his legacy. Pope Sixtus IV (FRANCESCO DELLA ROVERE) Born near Abisola, 21 July, 1414; died 12 Aug., 1484. Sixtus IV. He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). On 14 April, Checco and Ludovico Orsi entered the government palace, and one of them attacked Riario with a sword. Sixtus IV (r. 1471-1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was notable enough to have the Sistine Chapel named after him. This article was originally published as part of The Catholic Encyclopedia. (Francesco della Rovere; * 21. [2] At Forlì, Riario erected the fortress of Rocca di Ravaldino, one of the strategically most important strongholds of the Romagna. They had five sons, Ottaviano (who officially inherited the lordship of Imola), Cesare, Giovanni Livio, Galeazzo, and Francesco, and a daughter, Bianca. The envoy of the Medici family summed up Sixtus' reign in the announcement to his master 'Today at 5 o'clock His Holiness Sixtus IV departed this life-may God forgive him!' Although assassinations were not altogether uncommon in Renaissance Florence, they still had repercussions. But the plot failed, as only Giuliano was killed. Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in 1471, took nepotism to a completely higher level. In 1484 he started a conflict with the Colonna family, whose landed property Sixtus IV wished to take over. Pope Sixtus IV died the following evening - 12 August. Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 - August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from April 24, 1585 to August 27, 1590. Born in Savona, Riario was the son of Paolo Riario and Bianca della Rovere. Caterina first did not follow this scheme, but after two days had to give in to what her husband had negotiated; only then the conclave could start.[6]. It was built on the wishes of the, by then the most prominent cardinal Raffaele Riario who was a nephew to the pope Sixtus IV. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sistine Chapel and the creation of the Vatican Archives. Juli 1414 in Celle bei Savona, Ligurien; 12. His pontificate lasted for thirteen years. Esta pintura foi encomendada pelo cardeal Riario, sobrinho do papa Sisto IV por volta de 1472. It is included in the ReligionFacts Library for reference, but please note that its information may be outdated, biased to a particular perspective, or even offensive. Throughout his pontificate, Sixtus surrounded himself with handsome men. Between them, in the red robes of a cardinal, stands Guiliano dela Rovere, the pope's nephew and the future Pope Julius II .Painted in 1477, it is in the collection of the Vatican Museums in Rome. Something reprehensible darkened his memory: he signed the papal bull that authorized the Spanish Inquisition. Pope Sixtus’ tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. Regardless of Riario’s paternity, the pope took his nephew as his lover, spoiling the vain Pietro with land and wealth. In 1488 he was the last of the main Pazzi conspirators left alive, and was himself assassinated in a conspiracy led by two members of the Orsi family from Forlì, supposedly over a financial dispute. ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Girolamo_Riario&oldid=965571237, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Riario is also the principal antagonist in, Riario is the principal antagonist in the third season of the Netflix series, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 03:41. Born in Savona, Riario was the son of Paolo Riario and Bianca della Rovere. This painting was executed for Cardinal Raffaele Riario, nephew of Pope Sixtus IV about the year 1472. His family was poor. Home; Books; Search; Support. Palazzo del Collegio Capranica. The new cardinals received their titular churches on 12 December 1477. Cardinal Francesco della Rovere, elected Pope Sixtus IV in 1471, took nepotism to a completely higher level. He reportedly had a habit of rewarding his lovers and one-night stands with a cardinal’s hat. Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. The Villa Lante is located along the lower slopes of Cimini Mountains which is on the south of mediaeval village of Bagnaia. The future pope's nephew was, however, soon assassinated, and his widow married the powerful Paolo Giordano I Orsini, Duke of Bracciano, who was widely considered to have been involved in the killing of her first husband. [2][3], During his uncle's pontificate, Riario mostly resided with his wife in Rome. Riario's body had been recovered from the piazza by a local friar, and once Riario's widow proved vindicated, she had the body cleaned up and laid in state for three days in the church of San Francesco. Wikipedia. His nephew Giuliano della Rovere later became Pope … However, after the conquest of Smyrna, the fleet disbanded. Saint Charles Borromeo, cardinal-nephew of Pope Pius IV (1559–1565), had ensured the subordination of the secretarius intimus to the Cardinal Nephew, which came to be sometimes known as the secretarius maior. 76653071, citing Saint Peter's Basilica, Vatican City ; Maintained by Find A Grave . He had six illegitimate children, whom he also provided for with papal money. Detail of a large painting by Melozzo da Forli of Pope Sixtus IV meeting with the future prefect of the Vatican Library, Bartolomeo Platina. In 1471 he … Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. On becoming pope, Sixtus V immediately vowed vengeance on both the Duke of Bracciano and Vittoria Accoramboni. The Church soon ran out of funds: Sixtus established taxes on prostitution, and he penalized priests and cardinals for having mistresses. Pope Sixtus IV conferred on him the title of Duke of Urbino (1474). 11-ene-2018 - So-called Pope Sixtus IV and his "nephew" Girolamo Riario. Pope Sixtus IV. Some fruitless attempts were made towards unification with the Greek Church. Riario would have become Lord of Florence. WikiMatrix WikiMatrix . Titian, ca. These three cardinals all managed to become popes. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. Girolamo Riario (1443 – 14 April 1488) was Lord of Imola (from 1473) and Forlì (from 1480). Papa Sisto IV conferiu-lhe o título de duque de Urbino (1474). Sixtus IV, Pope; Sixtus IV, Pope The Catholic Encyclopedia. Several mistresses Children Yes- all illegitimate Position Pope (1471-1484) Died August 1484 (aged 70) Pope Sixtus IV - Wissenschaftlichen Wissen schaffen All for Joomla All for Webmasters His parents were poor, and while still a child he was destined for the Franciscan order. Their remaining assets and family were soon destroyed by angry mobs. Rumored to have appointed his lovers to the College of Cardinals, Sixtus IV also made Pietro Riario, his nephew or possibly his son, a Cardinal. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484.wikipedia. He was a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, who in 1473 granted him the seignory of Imola, as a dowry for his marriage with Caterina Sforza (daughter of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan). "Análisis Assassin's Creed II: la batalla de Forli", "Who's who in 'Da Vinci's Demons' Season 2", "Medici season 3 cast: Who is in the cast of Medici? Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was Pope from 9 August 1471 to his death in 1484. This text is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. 100% (1/1) Cappella Sistina Christ Giving the Keys to St. Peter Sistine. For the remainder of his pontificate, Sixtus turned to temporal issues and dynastic considerations. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Sixtus IV (21 Jul 1414–12 Aug 1484), Find a Grave Memorial no. 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