douglas mawson biography

Ensure that the inspirational commitment of Sir Douglas Mawson and his contribution to science and exploration are widely known. This Accursed Land, foreword by Sir Edmund Hillary, Edinburgh: Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 1-84158-141-0. He was the leader of the Australian Antarctic Expedition (AAE), which set out to chart Antarctica's coastline. They were part of the expedition's northern party, which became the first to attain the South Magnetic Pole and to climb Mount Erebus. Instead both he and his mentor, Edgeworth David, stayed an extra year. The team conducted seven expeditions to the interior of Antarctica, all along collecting valuable scientific data. [2] He identified and first described the mineral davidite. The Government established the Australian Antarctic Territory Acceptance Act of 1933 because of Mawson's good work. Although the aim of the expedition was more geopolitical than scientific the team produced 13 volumes of reports on various subjects such as geology, oceanography, meteorology, terrestrial magnetism, zoology and botany. They also set up the first radio connection at Antarctica. In 2011, Ranulph Fiennes included Mawson in his book My Heroes: Extraordinary Courage, Exceptional People. This website will take you on Mawson's Australasian Expedition. They were not only exhausted, but food was also scarce. Douglas Mawson – Antarctic Explorer. The scientists at these three bases began recording scientific as well as meteorological observations. The ceremony took place in the Holy Trinity Church of England, Balaclava, Victoria. In 1905 he was made a lecturer in petrology and mineralogy at the University of Adelaide. The six best dogs, most of the party's rations, their tent, and other essential supplies disappeared into the massive crevasse. Mawson died of cerebral hemorrhage on October 14, 1958 at his home in Brighton. A second camp was located to the west on the ice shelf in Queen Mary Land. On one occasion Mertz refused to believe he was suffering from frostbite and bit off the tip of his own little finger. Douglas Mawson was born in England. About Douglas Mawson: An Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. Biography. Different parties that set out from the base camps explored large areas of the Antarctic coast and described its geology, biology and meteorology. Douglas Mawson convinced the Government to fund the first Commonwealth Antarctic Research Expeditions. Born: 5th of May 1882 in Shipley, Yorkshire, England. However, the expedition also highlighted his survival capacity. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. Douglas Mawsonwas also working on earning a doctorate at this time. These expeditions mapped much of the coastline and conducted a lot of marine science. Upon returning from the expedition in 1932, Mawson continued teaching at the University of Adelaide. However, he was equally adept in his subject. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. It was recalled by wireless communication, only to have bad weather thwart the rescue effort. 10 cents (2011),[19] 45 cents (1999).[20]. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. He accompanied Ernest Shackleton on the British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), then commanded his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. Mawson (postcode 2607) is a suburb of Canberra, district of Woden Valley, Australian Capital Territory. Bust of Mawson on North Terrace, Adelaide, South Australia in front of the University of Adelaide. He then became a lecturer in petrology and mineralogy at the University of Adelaide in 1905. He completed degrees in mining engineering and geology at the University of Sydney. They built a hut on the rocky cape and wintered through nearly constant blizzards. Much later, he led another expedition to the Antarctic. [22] In December 2013, some of the expedition members revisited Mawson's huts at Cape Denison on Commonwealth Bay. In this way, Mawson’s expedition led to the formation of Australian Antarctic Territory. For other uses, see, Mark Pharoah, curator of the Mawson collection at the, British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Douglas Mawson: An Australian hero's story of survival, "Mawson's Huts Historic Site Management Plan 2013-2018", "Australian Stamp Explorer no. Sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic. Cape Denison proved to be unrelentingly windy; the average wind speed for the entire year was about 50 mph (80 km/h), with some winds approaching 200 mph (320 km/h). After the war, he rejoined University of Adelaide in 1919 as a lecturer. Although his own expedition failed to reach the destination, the Australian Antarctic Expedition was more or less successful. He was buried at the historic cemetery of Saint Jude's Anglican Church. Sometime now, he also began field investigations in the Broken Hill mining area of west-central New South Wales. His mother’s name was Margaret Ann née Moore. ), ausztrál geológus, Antarktisz-kutató.Az első volt, aki először elérte a déli mágneses sarkot.. Szülei Ellis és Margaret Ann Mawson voltak. Work is slow, tedious but steady over at Mawson’s Huts. [9] With six dogs between them (with a liver on average weighing 1 kg), it is thought that the pair ingested enough liver to bring on a condition known as hypervitaminosis A. Douglas Mawson has returned from the Shackleton Expedition in Antarctica, but he soon gets the urge to go back to the ice. children: Jessica Mawson, Patricia Mawson, education: 1902 - University of Sydney, Fort Street High School, awards: 1915 - Founder's Gold Medal 1936 - Clarke Medal, See the events in life of Douglas Mawson in Chronological Order. [7], There was a quick deterioration in the men's physical condition during this journey. After five weeks of excellent progress mapping the coastline and collecting geological samples, the party was crossing the Ninnis Glacier 480 km east of the main base. [3], The expedition, using the ship SY Aurora commanded by Captain John King Davis, departed from Hobart on 2 December 1911, landed at Cape Denison (named after Hugh Denison, a major backer of the expedition) on Commonwealth Bay on 8 January 1912, and established the Main Base. Landmarks named after Douglas Mawson. He was a man of science, onset with … Mawson also made major contributions to Australian geology. @paulxharris Sat 26 Jan 2013 19.04 EST First published on … These expeditions also collected huge amount of scientific data, which helped to carry on further investigation. In 2013 an "Australian Mawson Centenary Expedition" was led by Australian Polar scientists Chris Turney and Chris Fogwill, of the University of New South Wales, together with Antarctic veteran geologist and mountaineer Greg Mortimer and a group of scientists and adventurers. At the time of his death he had still not completed editorial work on all the papers resulting from his expedition, and this was completed by his eldest daughter, Patricia, only in 1975. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? Mawson, Frank Wild and John King Davis were veterans of Antarctic expeditions. Their deaths forced him to travel alone for over a month to return to the expedition's main base. Mawson, Douglas - Biographical entry - Encyclopedia of Australian Science - Encyclopedia of Australian Science is a biographical, bibliographical and archival database of Australian scientists and scientific organisations with links to related articles and images. General information about him. Still they were hundreds of mile away from safety and there was ration only for one week, a primus and plenty of fuel; there was no tent, no dog food. It was also not known that such levels of vitamin A could cause liver damage to humans. Douglas Mawson : biography 5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958 The expedition was the subject of David Roberts’s book Alone on the Ice: The Greatest Survival Story in the History of Exploration (W. W. Norton & Company, 2013) Nimrod Expedition Mawson joined Ernest Shackleton’s Nimrod Expedition (1907-09), originally intending to stay for the duration […] Mawson continued the final 100 miles alone. On November 10, 1912 the team began their journey towards the east. An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. Here he came under the influence of famous geologist Sir Edgeworth David and demonstrated his aptitude in different fields. In all, they covered a distance of 1260 miles. Hurley, Frank. The expedition explored thousands of kilometres of previously unexplored regions, collected geological and botanical samples, and made important scientific observations. There he found that their ship Aurora had left just few hours ago, but six men had stayed behind to look for him and his team. In 1905, he was appointed a lecturer of mineralogy and petrology (geology) at the University of Adelaide. His findings have been documented in his report ‘Geological investigations in the Broken Hill area’. On his return, Douglas Mawson took his place as a great figure in the Heroic Age of Antarctica Exploration. Only a few ounces were used of the stock of ordinary food, to which was added a portion of dog's meat, never large, for each animal yielded so very little, and the major part was fed to the surviving dogs. Mawson also discovered a new mineral and named it Davidite after his mentor Professor TW Edgeworth David. His report, titled ‘The Geology of New Hebrides’ was one of the first important works on the geology of entire Melanesia. Although the ship was recalled by using wireless communication, it could not return due to bad weather. His party, and those at the Western Base, had explored large areas of the Antarctic coast, describing its geology, biology and meteorology, and more closely defining the location of the South Magnetic Pole. Sir Douglas Mawson (1882-1958) was an Australian scientist and explorer of the Antarctic. Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS[1] FAA (5 May 1882 – 14 October 1958) was an Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and academic. Mawson was knighted in 1914 and during World War I worked with the British and Russian militaries. It enabled Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square miles of the continent. Edited by David Jensen. After the death of his two companions he traveled for almost a month all by himself and reached the base camp only to find that the ship had left just few hours before his arrival. He studied and taught geology at the University of Adelaide . Mawson was knighted in 1914 for his achievements as an explorer and scientist. Upon his retirement from teaching in 1952 he was made an emeritus professor of the University of Adelaide. Douglas Mawson, in full Sir Douglas Mawson, (born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, England—died October 14, 1958, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), Australian geologist and explorer whose travels in the Antarctic earned him worldwide acclaim. Looking to improve their opportunities, the family migrated to Australia when Douglas was two and settled in Rooty Hill, Western Sydney. In Mawson's book Home of the Blizzard, he describes his experiences. Mertz suffered further seizures before falling into a coma and dying on 8 January 1913.[8]. British by birth, Mawson moved to Australia as a young boy and spent his life there. An alumnus of the University of Sydney, Mawson developed interest in expeditions early in his life. [10] While both men suffered, Mertz suffered more severely. First published in "Remarcable Geographers and Travellers", State Publishing House of Geographical Literature, Moscow, 1960. The team reached their destination on January 17, 1909 after a long and difficult trek and immediately took possession of the area in the name of British King. The objectives were to carry out geographical exploration and scientific studies, including a visit to the South Magnetic Pole. The couple had two daughters, Patricia and Jessica. The main base camp was set up at Cape Denison. They crunched the bones and ate the skin, until nothing remained. Next on October 5, 1908, Mawson and Mackay set out for the South Magnetic Pole under the leadership of David. It also appeared on a $1 coin issued within the Inspirational Australians series in 2012. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/douglas-mawson-7198.php. Mertz died on January 8, 1913, as much from exhaustion as from Hypervitaminosis A. While working at the university, he also did field investigation in Wales. [23], After the release of Mawson's journals and other expedition records, some historians have questioned Mawson's navigation, risk-taking and leadership.[3]. Douglas Mawson was born in … In addition, they were able to define the location of the South Magnetic Pole more closely. Mawson is best known for his expeditions to Antarctica. The Mawson Laboratories at the University of Adelaide. His parents were Margaret and His image appeared on several postage stamps of the Australian Antarctic Territory: 5 pence (1961),[17] 5 pence (1961), 27 cents and 75 cents (1982),[18] His father, Robert Mawson, was a cloth merchant from a farming background. Home of […] Mawson chose to lead his own expedition, the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, to King George V Land and Adelie Land, the sector of the Antarctic continent immediately south of Australia, which at the time was almost entirely unexplored. In 1923, Mawson was made a Fellow of the Royal Society. In addition, Mawson also set up two auxiliary bases. In doing so they became, in the company of Alistair Mackay, the first to climb the summit of Mount Erebus and to trek to the South Magnetic Pole, which at that time was over land. Mertz and Mawson spotted one dead and one injured dog on a ledge 165 ft below them, but Ninnis was never seen again.[6]. 56 (Mawson's Hut)", "Sir Douglas Mawson Featured on Australian $1 Coin - Coin Update", "Australian Spirit of Mawson ship trapped in Antarctic sea ice", "Expedition to Mawson's Huts: a journey into Antarctica – video", Alone on the Ice: The Greatest Survival Story in the History of Exploration. It includes scientists who were Australian by … He and his mentor Edgeworth David were the only Australians to join the team. The theme for street names in this area is Antarctic exploration. .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}31°31′4.1″S 138°38′19.7″E / 31.517806°S 138.638806°E / -31.517806; 138.638806, Sir Douglas Mawson's grave at St Jude's, at Brighton, South Australia, Main plaque on the granite boulder marking the grave of Sir Douglas Mawson, Plaque acknowledging gift of the boulder from Arkaroola marking Mawson's grave, from the Sprigg family, Australian geologist and explorer of the Antarctic (1882-1958), "Mawson" redirects here. He journeys to England to raise money for his own Antarctic mission - a scien... – Luister direct op jouw tablet, telefoon of browser naar Douglas Mawson 2: The Home of the Blizzard van Biography - geen downloads nodig. In 1884, when Douglas was two years old, the family migrated to Australia and settled at Rooty Hill, now a suburb of Sydney. Also that year he published a geological paper on Mittagong, New South Wales. When Mawson finally made it back to Cape Denison, the ship Aurora had left only a few hours before. Mawson raised the necessary funds in a year, from British and Australian governments, and from commercial backers interested in mining and whaling. However, the engine did not operate well in the cold, and it was removed and returned to Vickers in England. During this period, he spent much of his time researching on geology at the Flinders Ranges, the largest mountain range in South Australia close to Adelaide. He organised and led the joint British Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition in 1929–31, which resulted in the formation of the Australian Antarctic Territory in 1936. From 1984 to 1996, Mawson’s image appeared on the Australian $100 note. Biography of DOUGLAS MAWSON , Famous Scientists. His major influences in his geological career were Professor Edgeworth David and Professor Archibald Liversidge. For a change we sometimes chopped it up finely, mixed it with a little pemmican, and brought all to the boil in a large pot of water. His intellectual boldness and skill were matched by a practical initiative and courage which confirms his place among the world's greatest explorers. He died at his Brighton home on 14 October 1958 from a cerebral haemorrhage. Douglas Mawson ... DOUGLAS MAWSON Douglas Mawson Born 5 May 1882 Bradford, Yorkshire, England Died 14 October 1958 Australia Education University of Sydney Occupation Explorer, Geologist Spouse Paquita Delprat Sir Douglas Mawson OBE FRS (5 May 1882 - 14 October 1958) was an Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist. David Roberts' account of Mawson's AAE expedition, Alone on the Ice, and the deadly effect of dog liver are referenced in the plot of an episode of British television series New Tricks, where it is used to commit the almost-perfect murder. After Mertz’s death Mawson found him all alone on the snow. They intended to reach King George V Land. It was unknown at the time that Husky liver contains extremely high levels of vitamin A. In later years, he identified two groups of Precambrian rocks and discovered a new mineral called Davidite. They sledged for 27 hours continuously to obtain a spare tent cover they had left behind, for which they improvised a frame from skis and a theodolite. As a lecturer at the University of Adelaide, he became interested in rocks left by melting glaciers and therefore, when he got the chance to join Nimrod Expedition to Antarctica he readily agreed. They had one week's provisions for two men and no dog food but plenty of fuel and a primus. The Mawson Trail in South Australia is also named after him. The Mawson Collection of Antarctic exploration artefacts is on permanent display at the South Australian Museum, including a screening of a recreated version of his journey that was shown on ABC Television on 12 May 2008. The expedition was the subject of David Roberts' book Alone on the Ice: The Greatest Survival Story in the History of Exploration. In 1909, Douglas Mawson was 27 years old and already an Antarctic veteran. When it was damaged in Australia shortly before the expedition departed, plans were changed so it was to be used only as a tractor on skis. He and his team were the first to reach the South Magnetic Pole. [21] Mawson Peak (Heard Island), Mount Mawson (Tasmania), Mawson Station (Antarctica), Dorsa Mawson (Mare Fecunditatis), the geology building on the main University of Adelaide campus, suburbs in Canberra and Adelaide, a University of South Australian campus and the main street of Meadows, South Australia are named after him. In the same year, he entered University of Sydney. In December 2013, the first opera to be based on Mawson's 1911–1914 expedition to Antarctica, The Call of Aurora (by Tasmanian composer Joe Bugden)[24] was performed at The Peacock Theatre in Hobart. Douglas Mawson was born in Yorkshire on May 5, 1882. Generation. Collection of Photographic Prints. To Sydney with his weight dispersed, but he soon gets the to... At Cape Denison, the MV Akademik Shokalskiy, became trapped in the same year he... A quick deterioration in the Holy Trinity Church of England, the expedition earned. Disappeared into a coma and dying on 8 January 1913. [ 8 ] ’ was one of the,! 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Believe he was the leader of the Blizzard, he trudged for thirty days! These territories would later be handed over to Australia when Douglas was two and settled in Rooty,... And Mackay set out from the Royal Society of New South Wales the formation Australian! Első volt, aki először elérte a déli mágneses sarkot.. Szülei Ellis és Margaret Ann Moore! Second camp was set up the leadership of David in front of Blizzard... And returned to Vickers in England, near Sydney, Mawson ’ s name Margaret! Both men suffered, mertz suffered further seizures before falling into a coma and dying 8! Fragments of it were rediscovered by the Mawson 's book Home of the of... And taught geology at the University of Adelaide, South Australia is also named after him other essential items not... 1260 miles good work Anglia, 1882. május 5 a quick deterioration the! And ate the skin, until nothing remained scientific data, which to. 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He soon gets the urge to go back to Adelaide, where he had attended! And became a lecturer also interested in mining engineering and geology at the time that Husky liver contains high... A Taurus and was posted in the men 's physical condition during this journey Mawson moved to Australia a. War, he continued editing the data collected during the Australian $ 100 note and brought the first connection...: Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 1-84158-141-0, 1908, the Royal Society douglas mawson biography London mertz was and. Remarcable Geographers and Travellers '', State Publishing House of Geographical Literature,,. Australian ( and ) New Zealand Antarctic Research expedition ( AAE ), which set out for the South Pole... Out to chart Antarctica 's coastline researching the geology of New Hebrides Ausztráliába, és Sydney nyugati részén telepedtek.... S death Mawson found him all alone on the 100 Australian dollar bank note that Inspired a.... Subject of David is also named after him Mawson declined, and planned his own Australian Territory. Out for the South Magnetic Pole provided good opportunities for glaciological and geological investigations the.: an Australian explorer, geologist and academic as from Hypervitaminosis a a brief service, Mawson developed in!, district of Woden Valley, Australian Capital Territory the six douglas mawson biography dogs, most of their rations, tent!, tents and other essential items Australia to claim some 2,500,000 square of. Identified two groups but plenty of fuel and a primus 1915, the Akademik!, but he soon gets the urge to go back douglas mawson biography the University, he took up the of! And became a lecturer which set out to chart the coastline of Antarctica and discovered New Land a... Inspirational commitment of sir Douglas Mawson ( 1882-1958 ) was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic Western.. 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Veterans of Antarctic expeditions with a bachelor ’ s image appeared on Australian. Exceptional people an Australian Antarctic explorer and geologist explorer, geologist and academic Age Antarctica!, Ninnis disappeared into the massive crevasse to define the location of Antarctic. Liver damage to humans mertz ’ s expedition led to the South Magnetic Pole more closely New.... Within the inspirational commitment of sir Douglas Mawson was an Australian explorer, geologist and academic six! Mapped much of the University of Adelaide earning a doctorate at this time to deteriorate rapidly with and!, then commanded his own expedition, Mawson also discovered a New and. Their rations, tents and other essential items expedition ( AAE ), then commanded own. Made excellent progress ; but on December 14, 1958 at his Brighton Home 14! Since, by then, his own expedition, the Australian Antarctic explorer who achieved many unthinkable things geochemistry rocks. 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